While many conditions can cause temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys, diabetes and high blood pressure account for 66% of chronic kidney disease cases. In fact, diabetes is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease (kidney failure), accounting for 35-40% of all chronic kidney diseases. Approximately ? of all diabetes patients will also develop chronic kidney disease. People with untreated or poorly treated high blood pressure will develop chronic kidney disease 30% of the time. A person who develops chronic kidney disease with high blood pressure will have his or her kidneys further damaged because of the high blood pressure.
Glomerulonephritis is the the leading ailment causing most kidney disease cases. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic condition which causes chronic kidney disease. It is characterized by multiple cysts in the kidneys. Other causes of chronic kidney disease include: aging kidneys, renal artery stenosis (narrowing), kidney stones, or an enlarged prostrate blocking urine flows, drug and toxin induced kidney damage, recurrent kidney infections in kids, and reflux neuropathy.