Certain medicines like NSAIDs should not be used for patients in kidney failure. Doctors may sometimes prescribe certain diuretics like Lasix to drain off excess fluid. This reduces swelling and any breathlessness the person may experience. Doctors may even prescribe certain medications which are designed to raise or lower blood pressure if it is too high or low, and control nausea, vomiting, blood potassium, convulsions, and reduce breathlessness.
When diet is used to treat kidney failure
Sometimes following a certain diet can prevent or reduce the severity of kidney failure in patients. Doctors will advise patients to follow a diet that usually restricts daily fluid intake, taking into account the amount of urine the patients body produces daily, and his or her current fluid status. This measure can substantially reduce swelling and shortness of breath. Patients will also be advised to avoid foods rich in potassium like: fruits, fruit juices, dry fruits, etc…to prevent the blood potassium levels from going too high – this can lead to acute kidney failure, and deadly complications. Patients in acute kidney failure should consume no more than 2 grams of salt per day, because this will reduce their swelling, lower their blood pressure, and help control breathlessness. Patients must always ensure that they eat a balanced diet that will give them the calories and nutrients they need to survive, because this is key in treating acute kidney failure.
Dialysis to treat acute kidney failure
Dialysis is a process by which a machine filters the patients blood. The blood enters the machine through IV needles which are stuck into the patients arms, the machine filters the blood, and then re-injects it back into the body. This process can either be short or long term, depending on the stage of kidney failure the patient is in, and whether or not the patient can receive a transplanted kidney. The machine doing dialysis also removes excess fluid from the blood, and corrects acidosis, and electrolyte imbalances.