People with chronic kidney disease will be advised to restrict daily protein consumption to .8gm/kg of their body mass, to consume an adequate amount of carbohydrates to maintain their energy levels, to ensure that they only consume a moderate amount of fats as this can intensify chronic kidney disease by resulting in decreased kidney function – this includes ghee, butter, and oil, to limit daily fluid and water consumption to minimize swelling, to restrict the amount of potassium, sodium, and phosphorous they consume in their daily diets, and to consume a high fiber diet that is rich in vitamins and trace elements.
Everyone needs to consume a certain amount of calories everyday to ensure that they can perform daily activities, maintain a certain normal temperature, body growth, and body weight. People get most of their calories from carbohydrates and fats. People with chronic kidney disease need more calories to maintain normal body functions. Doctors recommend that these people consume between 35-40 calories/kg of body weight daily.
If these people do not consume at least these many calories per day, their bodies will start to use their protein reserves for caloric energy, and this is bad because they can become malnourished, and/or produce more harmful waste products which can put even more strain on their kidneys. People with chronic kidney disease should be eating the daily amount of calories needed for their ideal, and not their actual body weight, because their actual body weight may be too low or high depending on their existing health conditions.
People with chronic kidney disease need to consume foods rich in complex carbohydrates because these supply the most amount of calories for the body. A wide variety of foods, including: wheat, cereals, rice, potatoes, fruits and vegetables, sugar, honey, cookies, cakes, sweets, and drink supply carbohydrates, but these are in the form of simple carbohydrates. A person with chronic kidney disease should consume the following foods because they are a good source of complex carbohydrates: whole wheat cereal, unrefined rice cereal, johar, bajra, ragi, and nachni – they are a good source of fiber as well. As a general rule, no more than 20% of the daily calories should come from simple carbohydrates, the rest should come from complex carbohydrates.