Kidney patients must take extra precautionary measures because their kidneys are already failing. They should watch for early symptoms of kidney disease which include: swelling of the feet and face, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, pale skin color, frequent urination, and blood or protein in the urine. People experiencing these symptoms should contact their doctor and be tested for kidney disease.
People who are diabetic must watch for the above mentioned symptoms because a large percentage of these people will develop chronic kidney disease, and kidney failure. In fact, diabetic kidney disease accounts for 45% of new end stage kidney disease cases every year. People with diabetic kidney disease can check for end stage kidney disease by way of a urine test done every three months which measures the level of protein through a dipstick, and a blood pressure test which is also done every three months. They should get a yearly urine test to check their microalbuminiuria levels. They should also get a yearly blood test done to measure their creatinine levels.
People should keep an eye on high blood pressure, protein in the urine, swelling, frequent reduction in blood sugar levels, reduction in insulin requirements, and the appearance of diabetic retinopathy because these are all symptoms of diabetes caused kidney disease. They should always consult their doctor after noticing even one of these symptoms. Diabetic people should control their diabetes, maintain a constant blood pressure measurement that is less than 130/80 mm of hg, and reduce the amounts of protein and fats that they consume to ensure that they never develop kidney disease.
Because high blood pressure is the second most common factor attributing to kidney disease which can be prevented, people with high blood pressure should always seek regular and continuous treatment for their hypertension, because the signs of kidney disease attributed to hypertension often do not show up until the disease has progressed to the advanced stages. All hypertensive patients should take their blood pressure medicines regularly, they should also have their blood pressure checked regularly, and eat a diet low in salt (because salt raises blood pressure.) their blood pressure measurements should never be above 130/80 mm of HG. They should also get their urine and creatinine levels checked annually.
People can ensure that they never develop kidney disease by constantly controlling their blood pressure. They should always keep their blood pressure under 130/80 mm of HG. They can do this by measuring their blood pressure regularly at home and charting the measurements to look for patterns. This practice will help the because it will let their doctor know if their blood pressure medicines need to be changed.